|
Heat Index and Practice Protocol

We use the Heat Index Chart that is used by schools (http://www.mesasports.org/heat_index/) to determine if we keep fields open. The heat index is a combination of temperature and humidity. We check www.weather.com in the 85248 zip code to determine temperature and humidity by the hour.

We are asking that coaches proceed with caution for the 5:00, 6:00 and 6:15 pm practice time slots when the temperature is the highest. It’s the younger kids and the 5:00/6:00/6:15 pm times that are of the most concern. We will continue to monitor the Heat Index and if anything changes we will let everyone know through the coaches. We ask that coaches monitor all age groups and practice sessions regardless of time of day. We are letting coaches choose to cancel their session if they are more comfortable with that. If they choose to practice, we are asking to give plenty of water breaks and consider cutting the practice session.

Parents - you can help by making sure your players are hydrating throughout the day, not just at practice. Follow the suggested practices listed below.

From www.weather.com (PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS FOR EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNINGS)
TAKE EXTRA PRECAUTIONS IF YOU WORK OR SPEND TIME OUTSIDE. WHEN POSSIBLE RESCHEDULE STRENUOUS ACTIVITIES TO EARLY MORNING OR EVENING. KNOW THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEAT EXHAUSTION AND HEAT STROKE. WEAR LIGHT WEIGHT AND LOOSE FITTING CLOTHING WHEN POSSIBLE AND DRINK PLENTY OF WATER. IF YOU WEAR A WIDE-BRIMMED HAT... YOUR HEAD AND BODY WILL BE MUCH COOLER.

Heat Illness Awareness and Practice Protocol
The MPS Heat Index is determined by adding the temperature to the relative humidity. For example, if the temperature is 105 degrees and the humidity is 35%, the total number is 140 (Danger Zone). When it is raining, the heat index may be modified at the discretion of the coach and athletic trainer.

LEVELS:

Under 135 Below Danger Zone Practice as normally conducted. Water available and breaks given.
136-145 Danger Zone Practice with modifications. Modifications may include; reduced amount of equipment worn, adjusted practice time, reduced running schedule. Water available and more frequent breaks given. Increased supervision by Athletic Training Staff and Coaches.
Above 146 Critical Zone Practice modified, postponed, or cancelled: Modifications may include; no equipment worn or no running schedule. Water available and breaks given every 10-15 minutes or as needed. Practice moved indoors. Practice postponed until reading is no longer in the critical zone. Increased supervision by Athletic Training Staff and Coaches.

Practice Suggestions:

  • Have water available and encourage athletes to bring their own.
  • Encourage athletes to hydrate PRIOR to practice. Athletes should consume17-20 fl. oz. of water ir sports drink 2-3 hours before exercise and 7-10 fl. oz. of water or a sports drink 10-20 minutes before exercise.
  • Schedule water breaks into the practice plan. Be aware of situations where athletes may need more water breaks based on intensity level and climate conditions.
  • Encourage athletes to hydrate AFTER practice with water or a sports drink. Energy drinks and soda are not recommended for use in hydrating the body.

  SYMPTOMS TREATMENT
HEAT
EXHAUSTION
Fatigue - Headache -
Fever (not exceeding 104 degrees) - Dehydration - Rapid Heartbeat - Dizziness/Fainting - Nausea/Vomiting Muscle Cramps - Heavy Sweating or No Sweating
The individual suffering from heat exhaustion should stop all physical activity and move immediately to a cool place out of the sun, preferably a cool, air-conditioned location. He/She should then lay down with feet slightly elevated, remove or loosen clothing, and drink cold (but not iced) slightly salty water or sports drink. Rest and replace fluids.
HEAT
STROKE
Headache - Dizziness - Disorientation Agitation/Confusion - Hallucinations -Sluggishness/Fatigue - Seizure -
Hot/Dry Skin Flushed but not sweaty - High Blood Pressure - Rapid Heart
Loss of Consciousness
Person must be treated immediately as heat stroke can cause permanent damage or death. Take immediate first aid measures while waiting for help to arrive - CALL 9-1-1
-Get the person indoors preferably air conditioned
-Remove clothing and gently apply cool water to the skin followed by fanning to stimulate seating.
-Apply ice packs to the groin and armpits.
-Lie the person down in a cool area with the feet slightly elevated.